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Keeping in view the cleanliness of the river Ganga, the government has implemented this scheme, here we will tell you that the Flagship of the Ministry of Environment, Government of India. Namami Gange Scheme What is it, which states are benefited from Namami Gange, highlights of the scheme, objectives and benefits of Namami Gange project, implementation and success of the scheme, etc.
The Ganges River is the national river of India. Indians consider this river as the most sacred. The Ganges River is the longest of all the rivers in India, its length is 2,525 km. The Ganges originates from the Gangotri Glacier in the Uttarkashi district of the state of Uttarakhand. But many tributaries of the Ganges river have become extinct or have dried up.
The Ganga river has been declared the most polluted and endangered by the Environment Ministry. An important scheme under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to keep Ganga clean and pollution free Namami Gange Made.
Namami Gange Program – Namami Gange Campaign
The Namami program is the flagship program of the National Mission for Clean Ganga (MCG) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Water Resources and River Development Offices are also involved in the implementation of this Namami Gange Yojana.
This Integrated Conservation Mission was announced in June 2014. The Union Cabinet has approved four times the budget to Rs 20,000 crore for the conservation of river Ganga and its tributaries. And Namami Gange Yojana was given the form of a central scheme with 100% central share.
Two of this Namami Gange Yojana the main purpose They were to reduce the pollution of river Ganga and revive the river Ganga.
Namami Gange Scheme Highlights
|scheme name||Namami Gange Yojana 2022|
|who started||Ministry of Environment and Forests, Union Ministry of Water Resources, Department of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation|
|Scheme start date||2014|
|Project duration||18 years|
Purpose of Namami Gange Yojana
Eliminating pollution of river Ganga, reviving tributaries, spreading the benefits of clean water to the countrymen.
The river Ganga is not only of cultural and spiritual importance, but 40% of the population of the country is dependent on the river Ganges. Addressing the Indian community at New York’s Madison Square Garden in 2014, the Prime Minister said: “If we can clean it up, it will be a great help to 40 percent of the country’s population. So cleaning the Ganga is also an economic agenda.”
To implement this vision, the government launched an integrated Ganga Rejuvenation Mission named ‘Namami Gange’ to end the pollution of river Ganga and revive it. The Union Cabinet has implemented this Namami Gange Yojana with an aim to make river Ganga pollution free by quadrupling the budget for cleaning the river and making it pollution free with 100% central participation.
Namami Gange The project work was divided into three parts:
- Entry level activities that are immediately visible such as river surface cleaning, rural sanitation, toilet cleaning, repair of ghats etc.
- Medium term activities that will be implemented within 5 years of the time frame like pollution and waste redressal of technical institutions, increasing municipal sewerage capacity, afforestation etc.
- Long term activities that will be implemented within 10 years of the time frame. These are better water use efficiency, increasing the irrigation potential, ensuring adequate flow of the river.
Coverage Area of Namami Gange Project
- Uttar Pradesh
- A state in Eastern India
- West Bengal
Namami Gange Project Cities List
Projects of Namami Gange Yojana were started in these cities:
- Haridwar, Rishikesh, Joshimath, Badrinath, Gopeshwar, Nandprayag, Gochar, Kirtinagar, Muni ki Reti, Tehri, Devprayag, Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Srinagar etc.
Implementation and success of Namami Gange Yojana:
1. Creating Sewage Treatment Capacity:
Number of Sewage Management Schemes- 64 are being implemented.
States – 81 schemes have been completed in the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan.
2. Creating River Front Development :
64 projects have been taken up for construction, modernization and renovation of 263 Ghats, Crematoriums, Kundos and Ponds.
3. River Surface Cleaning River Surface Cleaning:
Under this Namami Gange Yojana, the work of cleaning the floating solid waste on the ghats and river surface has been started at 11 places.
4. Biodiversity Collection Bio- Diversity Conservation :
The long term vision of NMCG under Ganga Rejuvenation is to restore the population of all endemic and endangered fauna of river Ganga. For this, areas with high biodiversity have been identified.
And to get success in this, volunteers are being prepared under Ganga Prahari.
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute is involved in this work.
5. Afforestation Afforestation :
Forestry Interventions are an essential component of Namami Gange Yojana. Its aim is to increase the productivity and diversity of forests in the top water areas of rivers.
The Forest Research Institute has planned to work in an area of 1,34,106 hectares in the Ganga riverine states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal under four major themes – Natural Landscapes, Agricultural Landscapes, Urban Landscapes and Conservation Interventions.
6. Public Awareness Public Awareness :
Namami Gange Scheme Its success also depends on community participation. Therefore, activities like workshops, seminars and conferences have been organized under the scheme. Organized awareness activities through rallies, campaigns, exhibitions, shramdaan, cleanliness campaign, tree plantation, campaign etc. Television, radio, print media advertisements, displayed articles are used. Promotion is also being done through social media platforms.
7. Industrial Effluent Monitoring Industrial Effluent Monitoring :
The number of Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIz) stood at 1072 in April 2019. Regular checks and inspections of these polluting industries have compelled them to comply with the prescribed environmental parameters.
215 technical institutes have been closed for non-compliance. Action is being taken against 110 GPI.
8. Ganga Gram Ganga Gram:
The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has 1674 Gram Panchayats located on the banks of river Ganga in 5 states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has made a structure to construct 15,27,105 toilets in these panchayats at a cost of Rs 578 crore. More than half of the toilets have been built.
The challenge of Ganga conservation is multi-sectoral and multi-dimensional. Many stakeholders also have a role in this. It is very important to have coordination between various ministries and between the Centre-State. Therefore, several measures and efforts have been made to improve the monitoring mechanism at the central and state level.
We all should try to keep our national river Ganga clean.
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